TITLE WRITTEN LESS THAN 14 WORDS (ARIAL 14, UPPER CASE, SINGLE SPACE, BOLD, ITALIC, ALIGN CENTER TEXT)
Abstract (Arial 9, bold)
Abstract is written in native English in one paragraph, one column, without indent, the field is narrower than the contents of the article below. The abstract should describe or constitute the essence of the entire article which contains a brief background, research objectives, research methods in summary, the main results of the findings including new facts, major conclusions and implications. It should contain all the keywords that will be indexed; does not include unexplained tables, illustrations, references, abbreviations and acronyms; does not contain information or conclusions that are not in the manuscript. Do not repeat the title in the abstract. Maximum abstract consists of 200 words. Typed using Arial 9 point font, italic, sentence case.
Keywords: consists of 3-5 words, in English, Arial font 9, bold, italic, sentence case.
Introduction essentially contains a description of the problem or reason of research or logical statement that leads to the main hypothesis or theme. The Introduction section should consist of:
- The general background of research (tips: keep a maximum of one paragraph);
- State of the art or a brief study of other similar (previously) research literature to justify novelty research in this article (tips: one to two paragraphs);
- The reference libraries in the previous state of the art research section must be current, relevant, and original (primary literature) of the literature review not too extensive;
- Gap analysis or novelty gap based on state of the art (the gap statement should contain two elements, that is, from the important aspect of the research and what the uniqueness or novelty of the research is compared to previous research);
- Hypotheses (if any) are not always expressed and need not be in the form of a sentence.
Writing in the introduction by using arial letter with font 11, space 1 and left-right and indent of 6 taps. Citation writing and bibliography must use a reference manager like Mendeley and others with AMA style. If there is a word that does not come from the Indonesian language it must be in italics.
METHOD (Arial font 11 points, upper case, bold, without numbering)
Briefly describe matters relating to the type and design of the study; methods, tools and materials, as well as data collection instruments; data collection and or sampling methods; and the type and or method of analysis used in the study.
For thought articles, this section does not need to be made. The method is typed with Arial 11 font, space 1, regular, sentence case, left right and indent as many as 6 beats.
Writing materials and methods can be made sub-chapters to be more detailed and regular. Writing can be like the following example:
MATERIALS AND RESEARCH METHODS
Population and sample research
Materials and research tools
Collection / research stages
RESULTS (Arial font 11 points, upper case, bold, without numbering)
The results must be clear and concise. The results must summarize the findings scientifically, not provide very detailed data. Present the main findings if the article is in the form of research results. Please highlight the differences between the results or findings that you found compared to previous publications by other researchers. For thought articles, this section may not need to be made. The results are typed with Arial 11 fonts, space 1, regular, sentence case, left-right and indent as many as 6 beats. Results can be presented in several subtitles.
Sub Title (without numbering, Tittle case, left aligment)
Results and discussion do not contain repetitions of data that are not directly related to unnecessary or unused references and research objectives and unnecessary words. In other words, the data presented in the results are data that has been processed in such a way, not the raw observation data. The data is processed in the form of a table or drawing, for example: "Table 5 shows ..." but "... (Table 5) ...". The results presented systemically can be seen in 'research objectives' or 'hypotheses' and should be supported by well-processed data and illustrations. Narrative numbers in tables or illustrations are not needed; each image and table should be referred to in the text and vice versa; in reference to drawings or tables, do not use the "above" or "below" location words, for example, avoid / not: "Based on Figure 1 above ...", "... is presented in Table 3 below: ..."; Be sure to check the following in results and discussion:
- Reflected by the author's intellect?
- logische author argumentation?
- how does the author relate to the opinion or other research results?
- how to relate between the results obtained and the basic concepts and or hypotheses?
- Are there any implications of both theoretical and implementation results?
- useful authors' interpretation?
- Are there limitations of findings?
- is there excessive speculation?
Another handy guide that can be used as tips or strategies for writing the Results and Discussion section is that this section contains at least the following:
What: whether the data presented has been processed (not raw data), poured in the form of tables or drawings (select one), and given easy to understand information?
Why: in the discussion section there is a connection between the results obtained and the basic concepts and/or hypotheses?
What else: is there any conformity or conflict with other people's research results?
Is it also suggested to write about the implications of both theoretical and implementation research results?
Other questions that can be used as a reference: Was the hypothesis supported by the results? Why might the results have turned out that way? How could the study be improved? What is the future direction for research on this topic? What are the practical applications of the research? What can be concluded from this research?
Conclusions are made short with no numbering, conclusions simply answer the objectives or hypotheses in the study. Conclusions are written critically, meticulously, logically and honestly on the basis of the facts obtained. There should be no more discussion in conclusions and consist of only one paragraph. If there is any suggestion in conclusion, then the suggestion becomes one with the conclusion (no need to create a new sub-chapter) by simply creating a new paragraph after the conclusion paragraph. Suggestions should be in accordance with the research implications and not ridiculous.
Acknowledgments are conveyed to appropriate parties, especially to the institution or person who is actually assisting the research, for example: to the donor, facilities, materials or advice. Do not give thanks to one of the authors.
The main bibliography is derived from journals and proceedings. All citations referenced in the manuscript should be written in the bibliography so that the use of the reference manager is required. The minimum literature used in the manuscript is within the span of 5 years when the research is conducted. References should contain reference libraries derived from primary sources (scientific journals) of at least 80% of the total existing bibliography. Each manuscript contains at least 20 (twenty) lists of primary reference libraries.